NAME: BADAKIN EMMANUEL AYODELE
LOCATION: KOGI STATE, NIGERIA
EDUCATIONAL QUALIFICATION: UNDERGRADUATE
SCHOOL NAME: KOGI STATE UNIVERSITY, AYANGBA
DEPARTMENT: ACCOUNTING, 200L
PHONE NUMBER: 08107715458
MY ESSAY COMPETITION ON THE TOPIC WHICH SAYS: “SOCIO¬ECONOMIC CONTRIBUTION OF FOOD TECHNOLOGY IN BUILDING A NATION”
“Socio- Economic contribution of FOOD TECHNOLOGY in building a nation”
Food technology in a common parlance is simply a branch of science that deals with the production process that makes foods. Early scientific research into food technology concentrated on food preservation. In the ancient ages, the canning process was a decisive event for food preservation; canning has had a major impact on food preservation techniques.
Louis Pasteur’s research on the spoilage of wine and his description of how to avoid spoilage in 1864 was an early attempt to apply scientific method to food handling. Besides research into wine spoilage, Pasteur researched the production of alcohol, vinegar, wines and beer, and the souring of milk. He develops pasteurization (the process of heating milk and milk products to destroy food spoilage and disease producing organisms). In his research into food technology, Pasteur became the pioneer into bacteriology and of modern preventive medicine.
The basic importance of food technology in any nation can never be over emphasized; little among it are as follows: (1) to feed teeming population. (2) To preserve food for future use, (3) Reduce post-harvest losses, 4. Sources of employment, (5) To produce save food, (6) For generating food choice, (7) To utilize those foods that is otherwise undesirable,(8) To produce value added food, (9) To produce health foods and the host of others. The succeeding paragraphs will tell us more on socio economic contribution of food technology in rural, developing and as well developed countries.
CONTRIBUTION ON RURAL AREARS
Over the past hundred years, food science and technology have altered the structure of our societies, the most obvious example is that, whereas a century ago three-quarter to nineteenths of our citizens live by agriculture and on the land, (today) in the developed countries at least the work of one farmer feeds forty to fifty others. This is not merely due to agricultural science but equally to the backup of our food industry.
CONTRIBUTION ON DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
Food science and technology have also influence the social conditions in developing countries. The most striking innovation of the last ten years has been the introduction of the green revolution, a package of the agricultural practices combined with the use of high yielding varieties of rice and maize; it has resulted in a large increase in the production of these crops. Several countries that were importers of food grain has become self-sufficient and some are even exporting food grains, which will definitely increase the country net domestic product and at the same time add to the per capita income of a country.
Also, in a developing country like Nigeria, food technology has really help in the aspect of health sector. For instance, there’s a recent outbreak of a disease called Lassa fever in about eight states out of thirty six states. Food technologists have help to know that the cause of these disease is due to rats penetrating into human foods and defecating faeces and urine to the food which is later on eat either knowingly or unknowingly by victims. It is interesting to know that adequate cure and prevention against this disease has been provided by food technology.
CONTRIBUTION ON DEVELOPED COUNTRIES
Technological developments in all spheres of agricultural production, processing, and marketing have largely abolished the economic independence of the individual farm holding. It has becomes dependent on and part of a steady inflow of imports and services into production and of a continuous outflow of semi-finished goods (products) which had taken over by processing factories, grading and packing stations or super markets.
Technical and economic developments now call for larger primary banks, integration into a regional or national banking system, larger dairies and modern, centrally located enterprises for processing, transformation and marketing.
New forms of cooperation has been developed, such as banks or cooperatives for joint utilization for expensive farm machinery, these cooperatives are very common in the federal republic of Germany, France, and Austria and are somewhat common in the Netherlands and Norway. Both traditional and modern arrangement for joint pastures of cows and calves are widespread in Switzerland and Norway. Cooperative cow shades in large number has been established in Norway. Full merger of farms and formation of larger products units has been quiets common in France in the form of the ‘groupements agricoles d’exploitation en commun’.
Conclusively, my review of the contribution of food science and technology to changes in a nation has reveal that they have facilitated in the ongoing trends towards a more rational use of labour and capital and brought about social improvements such as higher mobility, less strenuous work, easier access to social services, higher social status, and more leisure. These gains were particularly welcome during the periods of high employments. However, in view of deterioration of the labour market in recent years, their evaluation should now be made more cautiously.
Could you please explain this line - how food technology helped here
"Also, in a developing country like Nigeria, food technology has really help in the aspect of health sector. For instance, there’s a recent outbreak of a disease called Lassa fever in about eight states out of thirty six states. Food technologists have help to know that the cause of these disease is due to rats penetrating into human foods and defecating faeces and urine to the food which is later on eat either knowingly or unknowingly by victims. It is interesting to know that adequate cure and prevention against this disease has been provided by food technology."
Your essay is lovely, you can also do me a favour by liking and commenting on my discussion too at: http://foodpathshala.ning.com/forum/topics/comment-like-share-or-fo... Thanks.